Urology is that branch of medicine which deals with the issues that occur in male and female urinary system. Human urinary system consists of kidneys, bladder, ureters and urethra. Urology also deals with issues of male organs that are part of male reproductive system including penis, prostate and scrotum. Urinary tract and reproductive tract are often connected so problem in urinary tract can hamper the functioning of male or female reproductive organs.
Urology is generally a surgical speciality but other than surgery a urologist is a professional that has knowledge of medications of paediatrics, gynaecology and other parts of the general health care.