Kidney Diseases are conditions that affect the function and structure of the kidneys. The kidneys are vital organs that filter waste products and excess fluids from the blood, regulate blood pressure, and maintain the balance of electrolytes in the body. Some common types of kidney diseases include: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), Kidney Stones, Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD), Glomerulonephritis, Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs), etc.
The treatment depends on the specific type and severity of the disease. The most common kidney tests are KFT, GFR, Blood Urea Nitrogen Test, Serum Creatinine Test, etc.