Cytology Tests - Types of Test, Costs, Symptoms, Procedure, Benefits and More..

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Cytology is biology branch also known as cytopathology deals with the study of cells, cells structure, cells function, and behaviour of cells. It encompasses a wide range of techniques for analyzing and characterizing cells, including microscopy, molecular biology, and biochemistry. Cytology is important in many areas of biology and medicine, including cancer research, genetics, developmental biology, and microbiology. By studying cells, cytologists can gain insights into the processes that govern life and disease at the cellular level, and develop new treatments and therapies for a range of conditions.

The most commonly recommended cytology tests are PAP Smear, Anal smear, Ascites fluid, cyst fluid cytology etc. 

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Frequently Asked Questions


One of the most common types of the intervention cytology is the fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). In case, the healthcare professional injects the thin needle into an area, they would need to use the sample and draw out the fluid. The pathologist then leads to examination of the different cells in the fluid under a microscope.

The five general considerations of cytology are emphasized as follows:

  1.  Aspiration samples are not expected to be used in preference to the larger biopsies while the latter could be easily and safely secured
  2. Histological architecture is present in the aspiration samples, and this would be able to diagnose the disease that are based on your histology, and were not getting detected before.

If you are able to see any delay in delivering your sample to our laboratory, the sample is expected to be refrigerated at 4°C

It is important to understand that the samples should not be frozen.

A positive result of your cytology test means that the abnormal cells were seen and found in the body. This also indicates that you may and even may not see a problem in the urinary tract.

A negative Cytology Test indicates multiple issues. That means that the negative result, there are no abnormal or the cancer cells that have been present in your urine. However, if any healthcare professional still looks for a person with urinary tract cancer, further tests might also be suggested to ensure that your test was not one of the false negatives.

The cytology smear sequencing has a success rate of 50 out of 56 smears (which makes it 89%), including the smears with a low-malignant-cell content (along with percentage, an abundance, or an area).

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