Infertility in Men and Women: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Infertility in Men and Women: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Infertility is the inability to conceive after 12 months of the intercourse which is unprotected, or in after 6 months in women over the age of 35.

Infertility is the inability to conceive after 12 months of the intercourse which is unprotected, or in after 6 months in women over the age of 35.

The revised definition is based on the data that 50% of the apparently normal couples will conceive within 3 months.

75-82% within 6 months, and 85-92% within 12 months, but recognized the age-related decrease in fertility.

Global Considerations

The World Health Organization (WHO) considers infertility as a disability (an impairment of the function) and thus access to health care for this indication falls under the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disability.

Key Facts:

  • In the female reproductive system, infertility may be caused by a range of abnormalities of the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, and the endocrine system, among others.
  • Infertility can be primary or secondary. Primary infertility is when a pregnancy has never been achieved by a person, and secondary infertility is when at least one prior pregnancy has been achieved.
  • Fertility care encompasses the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infertility. 

What causes infertility in men and women?


In female reproductive system, the infertility is seen to be caused by the following:

  • Any Tubal Disorders – Example: Blocked Fallopian tubes due to the following reasons:
    • By any untreated sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or the complications of an unsafe abortion, the postpartum sepsis or due to an abdominal/pelvic surgery.
  • Uterine Disorders -- These can be inflammatory in its nature (for example- endometriosis)
    • The ones that are congenital in its nature (example- septate uterus), or if it is benign in nature (example the fibroids)
  • Disorders of the ovaries, for example- polycystic ovarian syndrome along with other follicular disorders.
  • Disorders of your endocrine system which would further cause imbalance in your reproductive hormones.

For example- Pituitary cancers and hypopituitarism.


In male reproductive system, the infertility is seen to be caused by the following:

  • Any obstruction of your reproductive tract causing any dysfunctionality in your ejection of semen.
  • The hormonal disorders that would lead to abnormalities in the hormones produced by your pituitary gland, the hypothalamus and the testicles.
  • Any testicular failure to further produce sperms, in case of the varicoceles or post chemotherapy.
  • An abnormal sperm function and quality.
    • For example, use of any anabolic steroids that could cause abnormal semen parameters such as the sperm count and the corresponding shape.

Infertility Diagnosis in Females

  • Full medical and your sexual history.
  • Pelvic exam
  • Blood test
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Hysteroscopy
  • Saline sonohysterogram (SIS)
  • Sono hysterosalpingogram (HSG)
  • X-ray hysterosalpingogram (HSG)
  • Laparoscopy
    • To identify the problems like the endometriosis, the uterine fibroids and any scar tissue.

Infertility Diagnosis in Males:

  • Semen analysis
  • Blood test
  • Scrotal ultrasound

Management and Treatment

  • ART techniques eg. In vitro fertilization
  • Other medical techniques are e.g. the tuboplasty, an assisted hatching, and the pre implantation genetic diagnosis.
  • IVF is most commonly used ART. It is useful in overcoming the infertility conditions, for example- blocked or any damaged tubes, the endometriosis, any repeated Intra Uterine Device failure, the unexplained infertility, the poor ovarian reserve, in case of poor or even  a nil sperm count.
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
  • Stem cell therapy
  • IVF and other related techniques (ICSI, ZIFT, GIFT) are called as the  assisted reproductive technology (ART) techniques.

Contact- Dr. Ravin Sharma, (MBBS, MD in Radiology)

Available:  24*7*365

Phone Number: +919212125996

Why Ganesh diagnostic and Imaging Centre should be your preference to screen you for Infertility?

At Ganesh Diagnostic and Imaging Centre, we are known for providing excellent service and care to its patients for decades. Lakhs of satisfied patients over the years!

It is an established and renowned diagnostic centre since 2001.

Their excellence is backed by NABH and NABL Accreditations

NABH accreditation is proof of highest standard of care and service provided to the patients. NABL accreditation reflects the competency of laboratories and equipment based on some national and international standards.

Test report is available digitally too.

Ganesh Diagnostic and Imaging Centre is a one-stop solution for getting all kinds of tests done, as all services are available under one roof.

The aim of GDIC is to provide world’s finest technology at the lowest price.

We are based in Delhi NCR Region, and our branches are in the following regions:

Yamuna Vihar, Mangol Puri, Budh Vihar, Model Town, Hari Nagar, Nagloi

The rates of scans are reasonably priced. Ganesh Diagnostic and Imaging Centre also offer FLAT 50% OFF on many tests. 

Tests Conducted at Ganesh Diagnostic & Imaging Center:

  • Infertility Comprehensive Profile Test- Female- BOOK NOW
  • Infertility Screening Panel Test Females- BOOK NOW
  • Male Infertility Panel Test- BOOK NOW
  • Male Infertility Profile- BOOK NOW


Note from Ganesh Diagnostic & Imaging Center

  • Early checkups are always better than delayed ones. Safety, precaution & care are depicted in the several health checkups at our center.
  • Here, at Ganesh Diagnostic and Imagining Center, we present simple & comprehensive health packages for any kind of testing to ensure the early prescribed treatment to safeguard your health.
  • So, visit us at the earliest to ensure good health and to maintain an active immune system.