Asthma is a disease of the lungs that interferes with daily life and a life-threatening disorder
Asthma is a disease of the lungs that interferes with daily life and is a life threatening disorder.
Asthma is severe respiratory disease. Many people think asthma is disease which affects the lungs only, but in reality it’s a systemic airway disease involving entire respiratory tract. The airway of an individual becomes hyper responsive and triggers even with small amount of dust, virus or other triggering agents. According to WHO approximately 262 million people are affected from asthma and death of approx 455000 peoples.
Peoples affected with asthma often suffer from sleep disturbance, tiredness and poor concentration. People with mild symptoms and low and middle income are often under diagnosed and under treated. Asthma is triggered by various things like- cold air, exercise, and tobacco, smoke, pollens, allergens and air pollution.
Asthma can’t be cured, so the treatment will depend on the severity of the symptoms. If anyone experience symptoms of asthma than they have to consult with specialist doctor. After complete physical check and diagnostic test your doctor will plan best treatment to control the Asthma.
What Are Symptoms of Asthma?
Symptoms of asthma vary from mild to severe. If mild symptoms are neglected than it becomes severe to life threatening. The most common symptoms of asthma attack are-
- Rapid breathing
- Pressure on the chest/tightness
- Breathing problems
- Persistent cough
- Difficulty in talking
- Blue fingernails or lips
- Pale face
- Difficulty in sleeping
What Are the Causes of Asthma?
The causes of asthma are:-
- Peoples who are overweight or obese are at a higher risk
- Exposure to allergens like air pollution, dust, moulds and occupational exposure to chemicals, fumes and metallic dusts.
- Peoples with other allergies like rhinitis
Diagnosis of Asthma
Asthma can be detected by a health care provider and various diagnostic tests to diagnose asthma. Ganesh Diagnostic and Imaging Centre offers a wide variety of range of test to diagnose asthma, these includes-
Allergy test used to detect the specific allergen that may be a causative factor of asthma. Allergy can be tested on skin or blood sample.
Liver Function Test
LFT assess the functioning of a respiratory system.
Complete Blood Count
With the help of CBC, estimation of airway inflammation in patients with asthma is measured to detect the ESR.
Chest X-ray used to determine the severe asthma or people with another condition along with asthma like broken bones, cancerous or non cancerous tumors, and inflammation of lungs, pleural effusion and many more.
Sputum is tested to detect that cause of lung inflammation.
Spirometry Test is the most common test for asthma. The device called a spirometer used to measure the amount and speed of the air you blow out, it indicates how well your lungs are functioning.
Asthma is assessed and diagnosed by the doctor and medications are prescribed according to the patients conditions. The common drugs used to treat asthma are- Bronchodilators, antihistaminic, anti inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids and immunomodulators.
Tips to Prevent the Asthma
The main goal of treating asthma is to control the condition. There are the following points to remember to manage asthma-
- Avoid exposure to allergens
- During winters stay warm, use inhalers regularly, avoid triggers and stay active.
- Avoid smoking
- Take medications regularly
- Avoid smoking
- Wear mask
Understanding asthma is important to manage its impact on one’s life. At Ganesh Diagnostic and Imaging Centre, we emphasize the significance of early detection and personalized care to effectively address the condition.
In essence, at our diagnostic centre, we believe in equipping individuals with not just medical solutions but also the necessary understanding and support to navigate life. Together, let’s breathe easier and embrace the future where asthma didn’t hinder our life.
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- Asthma https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/asthma
- How is asthma diagnosed? https://www.lung.org/lung-health-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/asthma/symptoms-diagnosis/how-is-asthma-diagnosed