Adrenocortical Carcinoma: Types, Causes, Diagnosis, Preventive, Treatment Measures, and Cost

Adrenocortical Carcinoma: Types, Causes, Diagnosis, Preventive, Treatment Measures, and Cost

In this article, we are going to discuss PET-CT scan as diagnostic tool for the detection of adrenocortical carcinoma with working principle and procedure of scan. We will also discuss types of adrenocortical carcinoma, causes...

Adrenal cortex is the outer region of the adrenal gland and also largest part. Adrenal glands are situated at the top of both kidneys and are responsible for the production of hormones necessary for metabolism, immune response, stress, blood pressure and other essential activities. Adrenocortical carcinoma is the abnormal condition where adrenal cortex does not function normally. This disease affects the adrenal cortex which results in the more release of hormones than normal and affects the normal functioning of the body. The treatment includes many methods depending on the type of carcinoma like chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, surgery etc.

PET CT Scan as Diagnosis Tool for Adrenocortical Carcinoma

Positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) scan is the special type of diagnosis tool that uses 3D images for the accurate diagnosis of the disease. The scan involves the usage of special type of short acting radioactive substance for the diagnosis. Most common used radioactive tracer is the glucose called Fludeoxyglucose F18 for the diagnosis of the disease. This scan uses tracer for both typical and atypical metabolic activity of the cells. The rate of consumption of the radioactive tracer by the tissues gives the idea of body. Unhealthy tissues use less or more amount of glucose (sugar) as compared to the normal tissue for normal process. In case of carcinoma, cells grow quickly so they need more glucose than the normal. Similarly, tissues using less glucose as compared to the normal indicate the abnormality in the tissue. Tissues which absorb more radiotracer can be easily detected by the scan and are called the hot spots. 

What Are Different Types of Adrenocortical Carcinoma?

Different Types of Adrenocortical Carcinoma

Adrenocortical carcinomas are of two different types, which include functioning tumors and non-functioning tumors:

  1. Functioning tumors: Most of the adrenocortical carcinomas are functioning; they release excessive amounts of hormones like estrogen, testosterone, aldosterone and cortisol.

  2. Non-functioning tumors: They grow very large and press the nearby organs and tissues. They don’t affect the production of hormones.

Causes of Adrenocortical Carcinoma

There are no known causes for the adrenocortical carcinoma condition but researchers believe in:

  • Inherited condition

  • Genetic mutations in the genes

Diagnosis of the Adrenocortical Carcinoma

Adrenocortical carcinoma diagnosis can be done by various methods like: 

  • Imaging tests: Tests like 

Treatment for Adrenocortical Carcinoma

Treatment for Adrenocortical Carcinoma

Adrenocortical carcinoma treatment depends on various factors of the patient like location and type of tumor, size of tumor, age of patient and overall health of patient. Some common treatments include:

  • Surgery: including adrenalectomy

  • Chemotherapy: In this procedure, some drugs are used to target the specific sites of carcinomas to reduce the effect, but the side effects are severe.

  • Drug prescription: Mitotane (Lysodren) and Metyrapone (Metopirone)

  • Palliative care: Emotional and mental therapy helps to manage symptoms and treatment side effects.

These are the treatments available for adrenocortical carcinoma. With the technology development and evolution of new advanced medicines, new approaches are coming up to counter the disease.

Prevention of Adrenocortical Carcinoma

Adrenocortical carcinoma risks or the causes are because of the gene mutations. Researchers don’t know the effects which trigger the gene mutation responsible for the disease. So, particular risks are not known yet.

What is the Cost of the adrenocortical PET CT scan screening in Delhi?

The cost of PET-CT scan for adrenocortical carcinoma in Delhi depends on the area, healthcare facility and the quality of healthcare provider. You can choose Ganesh Diagnostics for adrenocortical carcinoma screening tests as they provide best facility, quality, and Government accreditations and having expertise in healthcare with affordable prices and discounts available. (Click to know Discounts)

Why Choose Ganesh Diagnostic?

Ganesh Diagnostic has the expertise in quality healthcare tests and scans from decades, having best in class doctors and facilitation. Ganesh Diagnostic is one of the most reputed and prestigious Diagnostic centres that provides a 24x7x365 days facility. The test results are 100 % accurate which help the patients to get the best and the right treatment for easy recovery. The quality is backed by the NABH and NABL accreditations, NABH is for highest standard care and services provided to patients and NABL reflects the competency of laboratories and equipment at national and international standards. We also provide free adrenocortical sample collection at home for different tests, Get tested and treated well with the best diagnostic centre. Grab the opportunity and book an appointment. (Book Now) 


There are different types of Adrenocortical carcinomas depending on the type of cell involvement. There are different types of adrenocortical carcinomas like Leukaemia, Lymphoma, and Myeloma. These carcinomas can be prevented and treated by the different methods available in medical field. PET-CT scan is one of the effective diagnostic tool for the diagnosis of adrenocortical carcinomas.


What is adrenocortical carcinoma?

Adrenocortical carcinoma is uncontrolled growth of cells or tissues in the adrenal cortex leading to the formation of tumors. 

When are the different types of adrenocortical carcinomas?

There are different types of adrenocortical carcinomas like functional and nonfunctional carcinoma.

How to detect adrenocortical carcinoma early?

Do not avoid the symptoms related to the adrenocortical carcinoma and go for regular screening to avoid any delay in diagnosis and treatment of carcinoma. (Click for screening)

What are the risks associated with tests of adrenocortical carcinoma?

There are no such risks associated with adrenocortical carcinoma tests, when conducted in presence of healthcare expert and at good healthcare facility with proper guidelines and protocols.

Why PET-CT scan is effective tool for carcinoma diagnosis?

PET-CT scan is effective, because it uses the latest technology for diagnosis with 3D imaging system for easy and early detection.

What is the cost of adrenocortical carcinoma screening in Delhi?

Cost depends on area and healthcare facility provider. You can choose Ganesh diagnostic for discounts and best facility. (Book Now)

How can you find carcinoma tests near me?

You can type carcinoma tests near me in Google search for the nearest centres available or click here for consultation.